Key factors for keeping mothers from passing HIV to infants
- Lack of awareness of their HIV status, which could be related to stigma that keeps women from getting tested.
- Poor involvement of male partners in preventive care for pregnant women.
- Difficulty sticking to treatment. Women who reported missing medication had 8 times higher transmission to infants, while all women whose children were HIV-negative reported receiving ART.
- Poor quality of HIV counseling and education.
Achieving an AIDS free generation requires a renewed focus on minimizing transmission of HIV from mothers to infants – and that requires a focus on women, their partners and the healthcare institutions that serve them. The researchers emphasize that urgent action is needed to deliver high-quality, comprehensive preventive services to pregnant women with HIV.